KAZAKHSTAN

The Republic of Kazakhstan is a unitary state with the presidential system of government. According to the Constitution, Kazakhstan is a democratic, secular, rule-of-law and social welfare state which recognizes the person, his or her life, rights and freedoms as the supreme values of the country.

Kazakhstan gained independence on December 16, 1991. Nur-Sultan is the capital city of the country. Kazakh language is the official language of Kazakhstan. The Russian language has the status of the language of interethnic communication. The unit of currency used in Kazakhstan is tenge.

The administrative and territorial structure of the country includes 14 oblasts and 3 cities of republican significance. The population of Kazakhstan exceeds 18 million people. Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world with an area of 2 million 724.9 thousand square kilometers. The republic has common borders with Russia in the North and the West – 7,591 km (the longest continuous land border in the world), in the east with China – 1,783 km, in the south with Kyrgyzstan – 1,242 km, Uzbekistan – 2,351 km and Turkmenistan – 426 km. The total length of land borders is 13,200 km.

 

 

 

Currently, representatives of 130 ethnic groups live in Kazakhstan; a consultative and advisory body under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the harmonization of inter-ethnic relations - the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan - is successfully operating in Kazakhstan.

The Republic of Kazakhstan makes a significant contribution to strengthening the stability in Central Asia. The country has achieved great success on the world stage. This is evidenced by Kazakhstan's chairmanship of the OSCE and holding the Summit of this authoritative international organization in Astana in December 2010. In addition, Kazakhstan is a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, as well as a member of the Eurasian Economic Union. In 2016, Kazakhstan was for the first time elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2017-2018.

The organization and development of such a significant peacekeeping project as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia project - the Asian equivalent of the OSCE - also became a remarkable initiative of the country. Kazakhstan’s chairmanship of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation has received positive feedback due to its creative activity. The country is also one of the recognized leaders in the global anti-nuclear movement.

The basis of Kazakhstan’s prosperity is the stable growth in all sectors of its economy, international recognition and political stability. Kazakhstan is a country looking into the future, which retains its culture, traditions and successfully realizes its own creative potential in the contemporary dynamic world.